History of Caloocan City

Caloocan City is a highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines. It is located in the northern part of Metro Manila. The cities of Valenzuela, Quezon City, and Manila border it.

Originally a part of the province of Rizal, Caloocan City was formally established as a separate municipality in 1815. It was later annexed to the province of Manila in 1859. It became a city in 1962, making it one of the newest cities in the country.

General Information about the Caloocan City

With a population of over 1.5 million, Caloocan City is the third most populous city in the NCR, behind Quezon City and Manila City. It is also known for its rich cultural heritage and historical significance, making it a popular destination for local and foreign tourists. In this article, we will explore the various attractions, landmarks, and unique features that make Caloocan City a must-visit destination in the Philippines.

Location of Caloocan City

Caloocan City is located in the northern part of Metro Manila, Philippines. Valenzuela City borders it to the north, Quezon City to the east, Manila to the south, and Malabon City and Navotas City to the west.

Modes of transportation going to and from Caloocan City

Getting to and from Caloocan City is easy as it is well connected to the rest of Metro Manila through various modes of transportation. The city has multiple public transportation options, including buses, jeepneys, and the LRT-1 Yellow Line, which has four stations: Monumento, 5th Avenue, R. Papa, and Abad Santos.

In addition to public transportation, Caloocan City is accessible by private vehicles, and several major roads and highways pass through the city. These include the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), North Luzon Expressway (NLEX), and the MacArthur Highway.

The location and accessibility of Caloocan City make it a convenient and easily accessible destination for both locals and tourists alike.

Places to Visit in Caloocan City

Caloocan City is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical significance, and plenty of tourist attractions and landmarks showcase this history. Here are some of the must-visit places in Caloocan City:

Bonifacio Monument: This monument, located at the intersection of EDSA and Rizal Avenue, pays tribute to one of the Philippines’ national heroes, Andres Bonifacio, who was born in Caloocan City.

Apolinario Mabini Shrine: This shrine, located on Mabini Street, commemorates the life and achievements of Apolinario Mabini, another national hero who served as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines.

Casa Loma – This historic house, built in the 1920s, is located in Sangandaan and serves as a museum that showcases the history and culture of Caloocan City.

San Roque Cathedral: This church, located in Sangandaan, is a popular pilgrimage site known for its impressive Baroque-style architecture.

La Mesa Eco Park: This park, located on the border of Caloocan City and Quezon City, is a sprawling recreational area that features a fishing lagoon, a butterfly sanctuary, a botanical garden, and various outdoor activities like zip-lining and hiking.

Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center: This wildlife sanctuary, located in Diliman, Quezon City, is a popular destination for families, featuring a mini zoo, botanical garden, and picnic areas.

These historical sites, landmarks, and recreational areas offer a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage and natural beauty of Caloocan City.

Caloocan City: Food and Drinks

Local delicacies and specialty dishes in Caloocan City Popular restaurants and food establishments in the city

Regarding food and drinks, Caloocan City offers a diverse range of options catering to all tastes and budgets. Here are some of the local delicacies and popular restaurants that you must try:

  1. Pancit Malabon – This noodle dish, originated from nearby Malabon City, features a thick, creamy sauce made from crab fat, shrimp, and squid.
  2. Bibingka – This traditional Filipino rice cake, served hot and fresh from the oven, is a popular snack or dessert.
  3. Halo-halo – This sweet and refreshing dessert features a mix of shaved ice, sweet beans, fruits, and jellies, topped with evaporated milk and ice cream.
  4. Dampa Seafood Market – This market, located in Barangay 188, offers an array of fresh seafood that customers can buy and have cooked on-site.
  5. 12/10 Grille – This restaurant in Sangandaan serves various Filipino comfort food like grilled chicken, pork belly, and seafood dishes.
  6. Hap Chan Tea House – This Chinese restaurant in Zabarte Town Center is known for its dim sum, noodles, and other Chinese specialties.

These local delicacies and popular restaurants provide a delicious taste of Caloocan City’s food and drink scene.

Popular Malls and Shopping Centers in Caloocan City

Caloocan City is a great place to shop for both locals and tourists, with plenty of options. Here are some of the best malls, shopping centers, and local markets in Caloocan City:

  1. SM City Sangandaan – This mall, located in Sangandaan, is one of the biggest shopping centers in Caloocan City, featuring a wide range of stores, restaurants, and entertainment options.
  2. Victory Central Mall – This mall in Monumento offers a mix of local and international stores, a food court, and a cinema.
  3. Zabarte Town Center – This mall in Camarin offers a range of retail stores, dining options, and entertainment activities.
  4. 168 Mall – This indoor market, located in the heart of Caloocan City, offers an array of affordable goods such as clothes, accessories, and gadgets.
  5. Baclaran Market – This open-air market in Baclaran offers various goods ranging from clothes, bags, and shoes to fresh fruits and vegetables.
  6. Divisoria Market – This large, open-air market is located in the nearby city of Manila. It is known for its wholesale prices on clothes, toys, and electronics.

These malls, shopping centers, and markets offer diverse shopping options for visitors to Caloocan City. Whether looking for high-end stores or bargain finds, Caloocan City has something for everyone.

Annual Events and Festivals in Caloocan City

Caloocan City is home to various cultural and religious events throughout the year, which showcase the city’s unique heritage and traditions. Here are some of the most popular annual events and festivals in Caloocan City:

Feast of the Black Nazarene: Held every January 9th, the Feast of the Black Nazarene is a religious festival that honors the miraculous image of the Black Nazarene, a revered religious icon housed in Quiapo Church in nearby Manila.

Malabon Grand Festival: Held in May, this festival celebrates the city’s founding anniversary and features a range of activities such as street parades, cultural shows, and a food festival.

Caloocan City Charter Day: Celebrated every February 16th, this event commemorated the city’s formal establishment as a separate city in 1962.

Flores de Mayo: This religious festival is held in May and celebrates the Virgin Mary. It features street processions, colorful flower offerings, and a beauty pageant.

Araw ng Kalayaan: Held on June 12th, this is a national holiday celebrating Philippine Independence Day. The city usually hosts a flag-raising ceremony and a parade to commemorate this significant event.

Christmas in Caloocan: The city is transformed into a festive wonderland during the Christmas season, with numerous events and activities such as Christmas bazaars, parades, and fireworks displays.

These events and festivals provide a unique opportunity to experience Caloocan City’s rich cultural heritage and traditions. Dates and schedules for these events vary yearly, so it’s best to check with the local tourism office for the latest information.

Accommodation Caloocan City Philippines

Caloocan City offers a variety of accommodations for visitors, ranging from budget-friendly options to more luxurious ones. Here are some of the best hotels, resorts, bed, and breakfast inns, and lodges in Caloocan City:

Eurotel North Edsa: This hotel, located in Bagong Barrio, offers affordable rooms with free Wi-Fi and cable TV.

Hotel Sogo: This budget hotel chain has several branches in Caloocan City, offering clean and comfortable rooms at an affordable price.

Victoria Court North Edsa: This hotel in Baesa offers themed rooms with unique designs and amenities such as jacuzzis and steam baths.

Grass Residences – This condominium complex in Quezon City offers fully furnished units for rent, with access to a swimming pool and other amenities.

Casa Joaquin B&B – This cozy bed and breakfast inn in San Jose offers comfortable rooms with a homey ambiance, including complimentary breakfast and Wi-Fi.

The Contemporary Hotel: This hotel in Sangandaan offers modern and comfortable rooms with free Wi-Fi and cable TV.

These accommodations offer a range of options to suit different budgets and preferences. Whether you’re looking for a budget-friendly stay or a more luxurious experience, Caloocan City has something for everyone.

Safety and Security

While Caloocan City is generally safe for tourists, taking necessary precautions is still essential to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip. Here are some tips on how to stay safe while in Caloocan City:

  1. Be aware of your surroundings – Always be mindful of your surroundings, especially in crowded or unfamiliar areas. Keep an eye on your belongings and avoid carrying large amounts of cash.
  2. Use reputable transportation – Stick to reputable modes of transportation such as taxis or ride-sharing services, especially at night. Avoid taking unmarked or unlicensed vehicles.
  3. Stay in well-lit and busy areas – When walking around the city, stay in well-lit and active regions, especially at night. Avoid dimly lit and deserted places.
  4. Respect local customs and traditions – Respect the local culture and businesses, and dress modestly when visiting religious or cultural sites.
  5. Stay informed of local news and events – Stay up-to-date with the latest news and events in the city and avoid areas where protests or demonstrations occur.

In case of emergency, here are some crucial hotlines and contact numbers to remember:

  1. Police – 117
  2. Fire – 160
  3. Medical Emergency – 911
  4. Traffic Hotline – (02) 8884-1424

Caloocan City is a safe and welcoming destination for tourists. However, taking precautions is always essential to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip.


Caloocan City is a must-visit destination in the Philippines that offers a rich cultural heritage, historical significance, and natural beauty. From its many tourist attractions, landmarks, and recreational areas to its diverse food and shopping scene, Caloocan City has something to offer everyone.

Visitors to Caloocan City can explore its historical sites, such as the Bonifacio Monument, Apolinario Mabini Shrine, and Casa Loma, or enjoy its recreational areas, like La Mesa Eco Park and Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center. The city’s food and drink scene also offers a variety of local delicacies and popular restaurants that provide a unique taste of the city’s culture.

Regarding accommodations, Caloocan City offers a range of options to suit different budgets and preferences, from budget-friendly hotels and bed and breakfast inns to more luxurious options.

While in Caloocan City, taking necessary safety precautions and being aware of your surroundings is essential. Visitors can have a safe and enjoyable trip by following these safety tips and staying informed of local news and events.

Caloocan City is a city that’s worth visiting, with its unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty, making it a memorable destination for tourists from all over the world.

Frequently Asked Questions About Caloocan City

What is the province of caloocan city?

Caloocan City is a highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines. It is not a part of any province, as it is an independent city. However, before it became a city in 1962, it was originally a part of the province of Rizal, and later annexed to the province of Manila in 1859.

What region is caloocan city?

Caloocan City is located in the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines. The NCR is not considered a region but an administrative division of the country, which serves as the center of governance, culture, and economy. The NCR is also commonly referred to as “Metro Manila” or simply “Manila” and is composed of 16 cities and one municipality. Caloocan City is one of the 16 cities in Metro Manila.

Where is caloocan city?

Caloocan City is located in the northern part of Metro Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is bordered by the cities of Valenzuela to the north and Quezon City to the east. To the south is the city of Manila, while the cities of Malabon and Navotas are to the west. Caloocan City is situated on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is approximately 10 kilometers north of Manila.

Who is the mayor of caloocan city?

As of June 2022, Dale Gonzalo Malapitan is the incumbent mayor of Caloocan City.

What is Caloocan city known for?

Caloocan City is known for its historical significance, diverse cultural heritage, and bustling urban center. Here are some of the things that Caloocan City is known for:

  1. Historical significance – Caloocan City played an important role in the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule, and is home to several historical sites such as the Bonifacio Monument and the Apolinario Mabini Shrine.
  2. Cultural heritage – The city has a rich cultural heritage that is reflected in its local food, festivals, and traditions. The city is also home to a number of religious sites, such as the San Roque Cathedral and the Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto.
  3. Urban center – Caloocan City is a bustling urban center with a range of shopping centers, markets, and entertainment venues, making it a popular destination for locals and tourists alike.
  4. Sports – Caloocan City is also known for being a hub for basketball and other sports. It is home to several sports facilities and is a frequent host of various tournaments and events.

Caloocan City has a lot to offer and is known for its rich history, culture, and urban center, making it a unique and memorable destination in the Philippines.