Surigao Province

Surigao Province, a spectacular paradise in the northeastern tip of Mindanao, Philippines. This hidden gem boasts diverse natural attractions, warm and hospitable people, and a rich cultural heritage that captivates the hearts of those who venture to explore its wonders.

Geographically, Surigao Province stretches across the Caraga Region, encompassing two main island groups: Siargao and Bucas Grande and the alluring Dinagat Islands. Its strategic location makes it an ideal destination for those who seek solace amidst breathtaking seascapes, vibrant marine life, and unspoiled beauty.

Surigao Province is not only blessed with natural wonders but is also a cultural treasure trove. It is home to various indigenous groups, such as the Mamanwa Tribe and Surigaonon people, whose unique traditions, customs, and craftsmanship add to the province’s colorful tapestry. As you immerse yourself in Surigao’s distinct heritage, you’ll quickly discover why it’s a destination worth exploring.

Journey Through Surigao Province’s Rich History

Unraveling the Pre-Colonial Period

Before European colonizers set foot in Surigao Province, it was already a thriving hub of trade and commerce among the native people. The region’s bountiful resources, particularly gold, attracted traders from neighboring Southeast Asian countries, forging connections that fostered cultural exchange and mutual growth. Surigao’s indigenous tribes, such as the Mamanwa, preserved their customs and beliefs, living in harmony with nature and leaving a lasting legacy that endures to this day.

The Arrival of Spanish Colonizers

The Spanish colonization of the Philippines in the 16th century marked a new chapter in Surigao’s history. As the Spaniards sought to spread Catholicism, they built churches and convents while extracting the region’s mineral resources. Despite their profound influence, the indigenous people of Surigao managed to preserve their unique identity and traditions. They established a permanent settlement in the province in 1655, naming it after their word “surgir,” which means “swift current.”

The American Era and its Impact

With the Treaty of Paris signed in 1898, the Philippines was ceded to the United States, ushering in a new era for Surigao Province. The Americans introduced English as the medium of instruction, new educational systems, and modern infrastructure projects. They also expanded Surigao’s mining industry, creating new opportunities and challenges that would shape the province’s future.

Surigao Province in Modern Times

Today, Surigao Province is a testament to its resilient past and bright future. It has embraced its history’s positive aspects while safeguarding its cultural and natural treasures. As the region moves forward, sustainable development initiatives and ecotourism practices pave the way for a responsible and eco-friendly tourism industry that benefits locals and visitors alike. Embodying the spirit of the Philippines, Surigao Province welcomes travelers to explore its breathtaking wonders and immerse themselves in its captivating heritage.

Discover the Wonders of Surigao Province

Embrace the Allure of Siargao’s Islands

  1. Ride the Waves at the Surfing Mecca Siargao, dubbed the “Surfing Capital of the Philippines,” invites thrill-seekers to ride its world-class waves. Cloud 9, the most famous surf break, draws surfers from around the globe to conquer its magnificent barrels. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or a beginner eager to learn, Siargao’s diverse surf spots offer an unforgettable experience.
  2. Embark on Island-Hopping Adventures Beyond the surf, Siargao beckons travelers to embark on island-hopping adventures that reveal its true beauty. Set sail to pristine islets such as Naked, Daku, and Guyam, where powdery white sands, crystal-clear waters, and lush palm groves create picture-perfect memories.
  3. Immerse Yourself in Unspoiled Natural Beauty Siargao’s allure extends beyond its beaches, with enchanting natural wonders like the Magpupungko Rock Pools, Sugba Lagoon, and Maasin River. Lose yourself in these magical sanctuaries, where you can swim, paddleboard, or revel in serenity.

Venture into the Enchanting Bucas Grande

  1. Explore Sohoton Cove National Park Bucas Grande Island, known for its mystical Sohoton Cove National Park, a haven for nature lovers. Navigate through its intricate maze of limestone islets, dramatic cliffs, and verdant foliage, discovering hidden gems that will leave you spellbound.
  2. Discover the Mesmerizing Jellyfish Sanctuary A once-in-a-lifetime experience awaits at Bucas Grande’s Jellyfish Sanctuary, where you can swim alongside countless non-stinging jellyfish. This protected marine reserve showcases the delicate balance of nature and humankind’s role in preserving it.
  3. Uncover Hidden Lakes and Lagoons The enchantment of Bucas Grande continues with its hidden lakes and lagoons, which invite you to delve deeper into the island’s beauty. Tranquil, turquoise waters surrounded by lush greenery create serene spots for relaxation and reflection.

Marvel at Dinagat Islands’ Richness

  1. Explore Mystical Caves Dinagat Islands, steeped in legends and mystery, boast stunning caves that pique the curiosity of explorers. Venture into these geological wonders, where time has sculpted awe-inspiring formations that speak of the island’s intriguing past.
  2. Experience the Rich Marine Life Dinagat Islands’ vibrant marine life offers a world of discovery beneath the waves. Snorkel or dive into the crystal-clear waters, where colorful coral reefs teem with diverse aquatic species, giving you a glimpse of the region’s remarkable biodiversity.
  3. Connect with Locals and Nature Immerse yourself in the Dinagat Islands’ community, where locals deeply connect with their environment. Engage in meaningful conversations and learn about their customs as they strive to protect their natural resources and uphold their cultural heritage.

Unearthing Surigao’s Rich Culture

Celebrate the Mamanwa Tribe’s Heritage

  1. Discover Indigenous Artistry and Traditions As one of the oldest indigenous groups in the Philippines. The Mamanwa Tribe has nurtured a rich culture steeped in artistry and traditions. Witness their exquisite craftsmanship in weaving, pottery, and beadwork, and learn how these practices are passed down through generations, keeping their heritage alive.
  2. Revel in Traditional Music and Dance The Mamanwa Tribe’s vibrant culture extends to their music and dance. Experience the rhythm of their lives through unique instruments like the “kudlong,” a two-stringed lute, and the hypnotic beat of the “gimbal” drum. As the Mamanwas perform their traditional dances, you’ll be transported to a world where storytelling comes alive through movement and melody.

Embrace the Surigaonon People’s Spirit

  1. Discover Surigao’s Cultural Identity, The Surigaonon people, known for their warmth and resilience, have crafted a distinct cultural identity that makes the province unique. Their way of life, influenced by their natural surroundings, has given rise to local customs and practices that blend harmoniously with the region’s breathtaking landscapes.
  2. Join the Festivals and Events. Surigao’s calendar overflows with lively festivals and events that showcase the Surigaonon people’s cultural pride. Take advantage of the Bonok-Bonok Maradjaw Karadjaw Festival, where the streets come alive with colorful costumes, rhythmic drum beats, and jubilant dancing. Or join the locals in celebrating the Feast of San Nicolas de Tolentino, an event filled with religious devotion and festive revelry. These celebrations provide a unique opportunity to engage with the Surigaonon people and appreciate their vibrant culture.

Fostering Sustainable Tourism in Surigao Province

Local Government Initiatives: Paving the Way for Responsible Travel

The local government of Surigao Province plays a critical role in promoting sustainable tourism practices. They collaborate with communities, private sectors, and non-government organizations to develop and implement programs encouraging eco-friendly tourism, protecting natural resources, and preserving cultural heritage. By prioritizing sustainable development and responsible policies, the local government ensures that Surigao Province remains a pristine paradise for generations.

Embracing Ecotourism and Responsible Travel

Surigao Province’s commitment to ecotourism encourages visitors to tread lightly and respect their surroundings. Responsible travel practices, such as minimizing waste, supporting local businesses, and engaging with communities, allow tourists to impact the region positively. Surigao’s ecotourism offerings, from wildlife encounters to nature treks, provide unforgettable experiences that foster a deeper connection with the environment and cultivate a sense of stewardship.

Safeguarding Surigao’s Natural Environment

Protecting Surigao Province’s precious natural resources is a collective effort. Locals and visitors must do their part to ensure the area’s pristine landscapes, vibrant marine life, and diverse ecosystems remain unspoiled. By adhering to guidelines and adopting eco-friendly practices, each traveler can contribute to preserving Surigao’s breathtaking beauty and leave a lasting positive legacy.

Savor the Flavors of Surigaonon Cuisine

Indulge in Traditional Dishes

Surigao Province’s rich culinary heritage offers an array of mouth-watering traditional dishes that showcase the region’s bountiful resources. Satisfy your palate with “tinuwa,” a delectable fish stew simmered in tangy tamarind broth, or savor the comforting flavors of “laswa,” a hearty vegetable soup that highlights Surigao’s abundant produce. Each bite of these local specialties transports you to the heart of Surigaonon culture and nourishes your body and soul.

Relish Fresh Seafood Delicacies

With its prime coastal location, Surigao Province boasts a treasure trove of fresh seafood delicacies that cater to every taste. Feast on succulent crabs, juicy prawns, and tender fish grilled to perfection, or indulge in a traditional “boodle fight,” a communal dining experience featuring a spread of seafood served on banana leaves. The diverse catch from the surrounding waters guarantees a delicious and unforgettable culinary adventure.

Explore the Best Places to Eat in Surigao Province

From bustling street food stalls to cozy seaside restaurants, Surigao Province offers an array of gastronomic experiences that cater to all budgets and preferences. Enjoy a home-cooked meal at a local “carinderia,” where you’ll find authentic flavors at an affordable price, or splurge on a romantic dinner at a beachfront restaurant, where you can savor the finest Surigaonon cuisine to match. No matter where you dine, you’ll leave with a happy heart and a satisfied appetite.

Crafting Your Unforgettable Surigao Province Adventure

Charting Your Course: How to Get There

Reaching Surigao Province has always been challenging, thanks to various transportation options. You can catch a direct flight from Manila to Surigao City or Siargao Island. Alternatively, take a flight to Butuan City, followed by a scenic bus ride to Surigao. Those who prefer sea travel can hop on a ferry from Cebu City or Leyte. With numerous choices, you can select the most convenient route that fits your schedule and budget.

Timing Your Visit: Best Time to Visit

Surigao Province’s tropical climate makes it a year-round destination. However, the best time to visit is typically between February and October, when you can expect sunny days and minimal rainfall. From March to May, the dry season offers ideal conditions for sun-seekers and water sports enthusiasts. From November to January, the wetter months are also suitable for visiting, but prepare for occasional rain showers.

Expert Travel Tips and Essentials

  1. Pack light and opt for quick-drying clothing, as the tropical climate can be hot and humid.
  2. Bring sun protection, such as sunscreen, sunglasses, and a wide-brimmed hat, to shield yourself from the intense sun.
  3. A waterproof bag is essential for keeping your valuables dry during water activities and island-hopping excursions.
  4. Stay connected by purchasing a local SIM card upon arrival, ensuring you have access to mobile data and communication throughout your trip.
  5. Familiarize yourself with local customs and etiquette, and always ask for permission before taking photos of locals, especially indigenous people.
  6. Respect the environment by minimizing waste, avoiding single-use plastics, and following responsible travel practices.

With careful planning and consideration, your Surigao Province adventure will be a memorable and enjoyable experience that leaves you yearning to return to this beautiful paradise.


With its breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural tapestry, and unparalleled hospitality, Surigao Province captivates the hearts of all who venture within its borders. Surigao’s diverse offerings cater to every traveler’s desire, from the idyllic shores of Siargao to the enchanting Bucas Grande and the mystical Dinagat Islands. 

The province’s commitment to sustainable tourism and environmental conservation ensures that visitors can relish the region’s beauty while positively impacting its people and resources.

Now that you’ve glimpsed the wonders that await you in Surigao Province, the only thing left to do is pack your bags and experience this hidden gem for yourself. Let the warmth of the Surigaonon people, the allure of its pristine beaches, and the depth of its vibrant culture enchant you. 

Surigao Province invites you to embrace the adventure, savor its flavors, and forge unforgettable memories that will last a lifetime. The time has come to embark on your Surigao journey and discover why this paradise truly captures the essence of the Philippines.