In the Philippines, holidays are not just days off from work or school; they are vibrant celebrations deeply ingrained in the nation’s cultural fabric. These days of observance offer Filipinos the chance to honor their rich history, display patriotic pride, celebrate religious traditions, and spend quality time with family and friends. From the colorful and lively festivities of local fiestas to the solemn and reflective observances of Holy Week, each holiday carries its unique significance and is celebrated with fervor and passion.

In keeping with this tradition of commemoration and celebration, President Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. recently made an important announcement that shapes the calendar for the year 2024. Through Proclamation No. 368, signed in 2023, the President has officially declared the list of regular and special non-working holidays for 2024. This proclamation not only ensures that the rich tapestry of Filipino culture and history is honored through these special days but also enables Filipinos to plan ahead for a year of meaningful celebrations and observances. As we delve into the specifics of these designated holidays, we gain insight into the values and historical milestones that the Philippines holds dear, offering a glimpse into the heart and soul of its people.

Philippine Holiday

Here’s a table listing the Regular and Special (Non-Working) Holidays in the Philippines for the year, along with their dates and days of the week:

RegularNew Year’s DayJanuary 1 (Mon)
RegularMaundy ThursdayMarch 28 (Thu)
RegularGood FridayMarch 29 (Fri)
RegularAraw ng KagitinganApril 9 (Tue)
RegularLabor DayMay 1 (Wed)
RegularIndependence DayJune 12 (Wed)
RegularNational Heroes DayAugust 26 (Mon)
RegularBonifacio DayNovember 30 (Sat)
RegularChristmas DayDecember 25 (Wed)
RegularRizal DayDecember 30 (Mon)
Special (Non-Working)Ninoy Aquino DayAugust 21 (Wed)
Special (Non-Working)All Saints’ DayNovember 1 (Fri)
Special (Non-Working)Feast of the Immaculate Conception of MaryDecember 8 (Sun)
Special (Non-Working)Last Day of the YearDecember 31 (Tue)
Special (Non-Working)Additional Special (Non-Working) DayFebruary 9 (Fri)
Special (Non-Working)Chinese New YearFebruary 10 (Sat)
Special (Non-Working)Black SaturdayMarch 30 (Sat)
Special (Non-Working)All Souls’ DayNovember 2 (Sat)
Special (Non-Working)Christmas EveDecember 24 (Tue)

This table provides a concise overview of the holidays, helping you to easily identify and plan for these dates.

Overview of the 2024 Philippine Holidays

The 2024 calendar for the Philippines is marked with a tapestry of holidays that are both reflective of the nation’s rich history and indicative of its cultural and religious fervor. The year is punctuated with a total of 18 official holidays, comprising 10 Regular Holidays and 8 Special Non-Working Days. These days are set aside for Filipinos to commemorate national heroes, reflect on historical events, celebrate religious occasions, and enjoy familial bonds.

Regular Holidays include significant dates such as New Year’s Day, the solemn observances of Holy Week, Independence Day, and Christmas Day, each rooted in deep historical or religious significance. These days are observed nationwide with various traditional and religious activities, underscoring the Filipino spirit of unity and communal reverence.

Special Non-Working Days, such as the Chinese New Year and All Saints’ Day, offer a more relaxed pace, allowing Filipinos to engage in personal reflection, familial gatherings, and cultural celebrations. Notably, these days also include moments for honoring historical figures and events that have shaped the nation’s identity, like Ninoy Aquino Day and the Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary.

The importance of these holidays in Filipino culture and public life cannot be overstated. They are not merely breaks from the daily grind but are essential to the cultural fabric of the Philippines, fostering a sense of identity, community, and continuity. They offer moments for reflection on the nation’s past, celebrations of its cultural diversity, and affirmations of faith. Through these holidays, Filipinos are reminded of their shared heritage and values, reinforcing the bonds that unite them as a people. As such, these holidays play a crucial role in the life of every Filipino, resonating through every aspect of society from the familial to the national level.

2024 Regular Holidays in the Philippines

New Year’s Day (January 1, Monday)

New Year’s Day in the Philippines is a symphony of sounds, sights, and familial warmth. As the clock strikes midnight, Filipinos welcome the new year with a burst of fireworks, loud music, and the traditional banging of pots and pans to ward off evil spirits. Families gather for a Media Noche feast, symbolizing hopes for prosperity and abundance in the year ahead. The day is a blend of joyous celebrations, reflective resolutions, and the warmth of family reunions, setting a hopeful tone for the rest of the year.

Holy Week (Maundy Thursday, March 28, and Good Friday, March 29)

Holy Week is a period of solemn observance, deeply rooted in the Catholic faith that the majority of Filipinos share. Maundy Thursday and Good Friday are highlighted by church services, processions, and the practice of Visita Iglesia, where devotees visit and pray in at least seven churches. Many also partake in the Stations of the Cross, reflecting on the passion of Jesus Christ. This time of year encourages introspection, sacrifice, and renewal of faith among the Filipino faithful.

Day of Valor (Araw ng Kagitingan, April 9, Tuesday)

The Day of Valor commemorates the heroism of Filipino and American soldiers during the Battle of Bataan in World War II. Ceremonies and activities take place at the Mt. Samat National Shrine in Bataan and other historical sites across the country, paying homage to the bravery and sacrifice of those who fought for freedom. It’s a day of national pride, remembering the courage of those who laid down their lives for the country’s liberty.

Labor Day (May 1, Wednesday)

Labor Day is a tribute to the Filipino working class, recognizing their contributions to society and the economy. Rallies, demonstrations, and events highlighting labor issues and achievements are common, reflecting the ongoing struggle for workers’ rights and welfare. It’s a day of solidarity among workers, celebrating their dignity, hard work, and dedication.

Independence Day (June 12, Wednesday)

Independence Day marks the Philippines’ liberation from Spanish colonial rule. The day is commemorated with flag-raising ceremonies, parades, and fireworks, celebrating the country’s sovereignty and the indomitable spirit of its people. Historical reenactments and cultural shows also take place, reinforcing the importance of freedom and national identity.

National Heroes Day (August 26, Monday)

National Heroes Day pays homage to the countless Filipinos who fought for the nation’s freedom and rights. Across the country, ceremonies and activities are held to remember the sacrifices of known and unknown heroes. This day serves as a reminder of the collective courage and resilience of the Filipino people in their quest for justice and independence.

Bonifacio Day (November 30, Saturday)

Bonifacio Day commemorates the birth of Andres Bonifacio, the founder of the Katipunan and a key figure in the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule. Various activities, including flag-raising ceremonies, parades, and cultural performances, celebrate his life and his role in igniting the flame of freedom among Filipinos.

Christmas Day (December 25, Wednesday) & Rizal Day (December 30, Monday)

Christmas in the Philippines is a season of joy, love, and giving, celebrated with Misa de Gallo, Noche Buena feasts, and the display of colorful lanterns and decorations. Rizal Day, commemorating the martyrdom of national hero Jose Rizal, follows closely, offering a moment of reflection on the values of patriotism and sacrifice. These holidays encapsulate the Filipino spirit of community, faith, and national pride, closing the year with a blend of festive cheer and solemn remembrance.

2024 Special Non-Working Holidays

Chinese New Year (February 10, Saturday)

The Chinese New Year, or Spring Festival, is a vibrant celebration that showcases the rich tapestry of Chinese-Filipino culture. Streets come alive with the sounds of dragon and lion dances, fireworks, and the sharing of tikoy—a sticky rice cake symbolizing unity and prosperity. Families gather for sumptuous feasts, and homes are adorned with red lanterns and decorations to attract good luck. This holiday is a testament to the Philippines’ cultural diversity and the harmonious blend of Filipino and Chinese traditions.

Black Saturday (March 30)

Falling within Holy Week, Black Saturday serves as a reflective pause between the sorrow of Good Friday and the joy of Easter Sunday. While it’s a day marked by silence and solemnity, with many choosing to continue fasting or engage in prayerful vigil, it plays a crucial role in the spiritual preparation for the celebration of Christ’s Resurrection. The quiet of Black Saturday allows Filipinos to meditate on the profound mysteries of their faith and the promise of new life.

Ninoy Aquino Day (August 21, Wednesday)

Ninoy Aquino Day honors the assassination of Senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr., a pivotal figure in the struggle against martial law and dictatorship in the Philippines. His death became a catalyst for change, eventually leading to the People Power Revolution. On this day, Filipinos reflect on the values of freedom, democracy, and the cost of standing up against tyranny, with various commemorative activities and programs organized to remember Aquino’s legacy and sacrifice.

All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day (November 1, Friday, and November 2, Saturday)

All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day are deeply ingrained in Filipino tradition as a time to honor deceased loved ones. Families visit cemeteries to clean graves, offer flowers, and light candles, turning graveyards into vibrant communities of living memories. These days are a fusion of solemn remembrance and joyful family reunions, reflecting the Filipino belief in the enduring connection between the living and the departed.

Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary (December 8, Sunday), Christmas Eve, and Last Day of the Year

The Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, Christmas Eve, and the Last Day of the Year are special non-working holidays that highlight the Philippines’ deep-rooted Catholic faith and the festive spirit of the Filipino people. The Feast of the Immaculate Conception honors Mary, reflecting the nation’s devotion to the Mother of Jesus. Christmas Eve is celebrated with the Midnight Mass and Noche Buena, a night filled with joy, gratitude, and family warmth. The Last Day of the Year is marked by media noche feasts, fireworks, and various traditions to usher in the new year with hope and happiness. Together, these holidays encapsulate the spiritual depth and cultural vibrancy of the Filipino people, fostering a sense of community, faith, and hope as they transition from one year to the next.

These special non-working holidays serve as anchors throughout the year, each with its unique character and significance, reflecting the multifaceted cultural and spiritual landscape of the Philippines. From the shared joys and hopes of the Chinese New Year to the reflective pause of Black Saturday, the valor remembered on Ninoy Aquino Day, the familial bonds strengthened during All Saints’ and All Souls’ Days, to the spiritual commemorations of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, Christmas Eve, and the optimism of the Last Day of the Year, these holidays encapsulate the essence of Filipino life.

They offer moments for pause, celebration, remembrance, and hope, allowing Filipinos to reconnect with their roots, reaffirm their faith, and renew their bonds with family and community. Each holiday, in its own way, contributes to the tapestry of Filipino culture, adding depth and richness to the nation’s identity. They underscore the importance of tradition, the value of freedom and democracy, the strength of faith, and the unbreakable bonds of family.

As the country observes these special non-working holidays in 2024, they not only offer a break from the routine of daily life but also invite reflection, celebration, and togetherness, reinforcing the collective spirit and resilience of the Filipino people. These days remind everyone of the joy in community, the solemnity of faith, and the continuous journey towards progress and unity, making each holiday not just a day off, but a meaningful part of the Filipino way of life.

Making the Most Out of the 2024 Holidays

The array of holidays in 2024 presents a splendid opportunity for Filipinos and visitors alike to explore, celebrate, and deepen their understanding of the rich cultural and historical heritage of the Philippines. Here are actionable tips and suggestions to make the most out of these special days:

Planning Vacations Around Long Weekends and Special Holidays

  • Advance Planning is Key: Start by marking all the regular and special non-working holidays on your calendar. Identify long weekends or holidays that can be extended by taking a day off before or after the holiday. Early planning allows for securing travel bookings at better rates and choosing destinations that might get crowded closer to the date.
  • Explore Local Destinations: Consider traveling to local destinations during long weekends. The Philippines is home to breathtaking beaches, mountains, and cultural sites. Traveling locally supports local communities and offers a deeper appreciation of the country’s natural and cultural treasures.
  • Be Mindful of Peak Travel Times: Holidays like Holy Week and Christmas are peak travel times in the Philippines. If you prefer quieter vacations, plan your trips around less crowded holidays or consider off-the-beaten-path destinations.

Enriching the Holiday Experience with Cultural and Historical Activities

  • Participate in Local Festivities: Each Philippine holiday comes with its unique celebrations. Join in the Chinese New Year festivities in Binondo, Manila, witness the solemn rites of Holy Week in provinces known for their traditional observances, or attend the Independence Day parades. Participating in these events offers insights into the Filipino spirit and traditions.
  • Visit Historical Sites and Museums: Holidays like National Heroes Day and Bonifacio Day are perfect for educational trips to historical sites and museums. Visits to places like Intramuros in Manila, the Aguinaldo Shrine in Cavite, or the Rizal Park and Shrine can enrich your understanding of the Philippines’ struggle for independence and the heroes who paved the way.
  • Engage in Community and Environmental Activities: Use holidays as an opportunity to give back to the community or engage in environmental conservation efforts. Many organizations arrange clean-up drives, tree planting activities, and community outreach programs during these times. Participating in such activities can add a fulfilling dimension to your holiday experience.
  • Experience Traditional Filipino Celebrations: Immerse yourself in traditional celebrations such as attending a Simbang Gabi during Christmas season or participating in Flores de Mayo processions. These experiences provide a heartfelt connection to Filipino customs and faith.

Embracing the Spirit of Each Holiday

  • Reflect and Reconnect: Use the quiet and reflective holidays like Holy Week and All Souls’ Day to spend time in reflection or to reconnect with family and friends. These moments offer a pause from the hustle and bustle of daily life, allowing for personal growth and familial bonds to strengthen.
  • Celebrate with Joy and Gratitude: Festive holidays such as New Year’s Day and Christmas are times of joy. Embrace these moments with open hearts, celebrating the blessings of the past year and welcoming the new with hope and excitement.

By planning wisely and engaging deeply with the cultural and historical essence of each holiday, you can transform your 2024 into a year filled with memorable experiences, learning, and joyous celebrations that resonate with the true spirit of the Philippines.

Economic Impact and Compensation Rules

Philippine holidays significantly influence the nation’s economy and labor market, impacting various sectors in both predictable and nuanced ways. Understanding the economic impact of these holidays, alongside the compensation rules for employees working during these periods, offers insight into their broader societal implications.

Economic Impact of Holidays

  • Boost to the Tourism and Retail Sectors: Holidays, especially long weekends and festive seasons like Christmas and Holy Week, substantially boost domestic tourism and consumer spending. Tourist destinations see a spike in visitors, while malls and retail stores report higher sales volumes due to increased shopping and leisure activities.
  • Challenges for the Productivity and Operations of Businesses: While some sectors flourish, others, particularly in manufacturing and services, may experience temporary slowdowns. Businesses often plan around these periods, adjusting operations and output expectations to accommodate the non-working days.
  • Remittances and Economic Growth: Holidays like Christmas also see a peak in remittances from overseas Filipino workers (OFWs), contributing significantly to household incomes and the national economy. This influx of capital supports consumer spending and fuels economic growth.
  • Agricultural and Supply Chain Adjustments: Seasonal holidays can affect agricultural production and supply chains, requiring planning and adjustments to meet fluctuating demands and ensure steady supplies, especially for food and retail goods.

Compensation Rules for Employees Working on Holidays

Understanding the compensation framework for employees who work on holidays is crucial for both employers and workers. The Philippine Labor Code outlines specific rules, ensuring workers are fairly compensated during these special days:

  • Regular Holidays: Employees who work on a declared regular holiday are entitled to receive 200% (double pay) of their daily wage for the first eight hours of work. For work done in excess of eight hours (overtime), they receive an additional 30% of their hourly rate.
  • Special (Non-Working) Days: If employees work on a special non-working day, they are compensated with an additional 30% of their daily rate for the first eight hours. Overtime work on these days merits an additional 30% of their hourly rate on top of the day’s adjusted rate.
  • Rest Day Work: When employees work on a holiday that also falls on their rest day, they receive higher compensation. For regular holidays, this means 260% of their daily wage for the first eight hours, and for special days, an additional 50% of their daily wage.
  • Night Shift Differential: Employees working night shifts during holidays are also entitled to night shift differential pay, adding another layer of compensation for work performed during nighttime hours.

These compensation rules reflect the Philippine government’s commitment to protecting worker rights while balancing the economic dynamics of holiday observances. They ensure that employees are justly rewarded for their labor during these special periods, contributing to a fair and equitable workplace environment.

The Role of Presidential Proclamations in Philippine Holidays

In the Philippines, the declaration of holidays goes beyond merely marking special dates on the calendar. It involves a formal process wherein presidential proclamations play a pivotal role, showcasing the intertwining of governance, national identity, and cultural heritage.

Presidential Proclamations: Shaping National Time

  • Authority and Governance: Presidential proclamations for holidays emanate from the executive branch’s authority, illustrating the President’s role in acknowledging events and figures of national significance. These proclamations are binding, directing the nation’s focus towards commemorations, celebrations, and observances that reflect the collective values and aspirations of the Filipino people.
  • Flexibility and Responsiveness: The power to declare holidays allows for responsiveness to current events and national sentiments. Whether it’s declaring days of mourning for national figures, recognizing significant religious observances, or celebrating historical milestones, these proclamations enable the government to reflect and act upon the nation’s mood and needs.

Reflecting National Priorities and Cultural Values

  • Honoring History and Heroes: By declaring holidays like Independence Day, Rizal Day, and Bonifacio Day, proclamations honor the sacrifices and contributions of national heroes. They serve as a reminder of the struggles and triumphs that shaped the nation, embedding historical consciousness and patriotism in the fabric of Philippine society.
  • Celebrating Diversity and Unity: The Philippines is a tapestry of diverse cultures and faiths. Proclamations recognizing religious holidays such as Eid’l Fitr and Christmas, along with cultural celebrations like the Chinese New Year, underscore the country’s rich multicultural heritage and promote inclusivity and unity.
  • Prioritizing Health, Safety, and Well-being: In times of crisis, such as during pandemics or natural disasters, holiday proclamations may be adjusted to prioritize public health and safety. These decisions reflect the government’s commitment to the well-being of its citizens, balancing traditional celebrations with the necessity of safeguarding the community.
  • Strengthening Family and Community Ties: Many holidays underscore the importance of family and community. Proclamations often encourage Filipinos to spend time with loved ones, reinforcing family bonds and community spirit. This emphasis on togetherness and social cohesion resonates deeply within Filipino culture.

Presidential proclamations of holidays are therefore more than mere formalities; they are expressions of national identity and values. They guide the nation in celebrating its heritage, reflecting on its collective journey, and fostering a sense of unity and purpose among its people. Through these proclamations, the government acknowledges the past, addresses the present, and looks forward to the future, weaving the nation’s cultural and historical threads into the fabric of everyday life.


As we look ahead to the 2024 calendar, let us all take a moment to circle those dates that stand as the cultural and historical pillars of the Philippines. Planning ahead for these holidays is not just about marking time off work or scheduling vacations; it’s about preparing to immerse ourselves in the rich tapestry of Filipino life that these days represent.

The holidays discussed here are more than mere breaks in the routine; they are vibrant expressions of the Filipino soul. They offer us a chance to pause, celebrate, remember, and connect — with our history, our heroes, our cultural diversity, and most importantly, with each other. As we plan our year around these significant dates, let us do so with the intention to fully engage with the traditions, stories, and communal spirit they encapsulate.

The role of these holidays in fostering national pride and cultural heritage cannot be overstated. Each one serves as a thread in the fabric of Philippine society, binding us together through shared memories and aspirations. They remind us of where we’ve come from, the battles we’ve fought, the freedoms we’ve won, and the diverse beliefs and practices that enrich our national identity. In celebrating these holidays, we reaffirm our commitment to the values they stand for — unity in diversity, resilience in adversity, and unwavering hope for the future.

As Filipinos, whether by birth or by heart, embracing these holidays means engaging in an ongoing dialogue with our past and our potential future. It’s a chance to contribute our own stories to the national narrative, to teach our children the importance of remembering and honoring those who have paved the way for us, and to ensure that the vibrant culture and enduring spirit of the Philippines continue to thrive.

So, let’s all mark our calendars, not just as a reminder of the holidays themselves but as a call to participate fully in the life and rhythm of the Philippines. Let’s plan to make each of these dates a meaningful part of our year, a time when we can collectively pause, celebrate, and draw closer as a nation. In doing so, we not only honor our heritage but also contribute to a legacy of pride, unity, and cultural richness for generations to come.